The Windows 10 operating system is offered in multiple editions. These can be divided into retail, organizational and special editions.
- Retail: Windows 10 Home and Windows 10 Pro
- Organizational: Windows 10 Enterprise, Windows 10 Enterprise LTSC, Windows 10 Education, Windows 10 Pro Education, Windows 10 Mobile Enterprise
- Special: Windows 10 Mobile, Windows 10 IoT, Windows 10 S, Windows 10 Team, Windows 10 Pro for Workstations
Consumers may select between Windows 10 Home and Pro. The core difference from a privacy perspective is that Home does not ship with the Group Policy Editor. This makes it more difficult to apply certain settings on the system.
Windows 10 Pro includes business related features such as Remote Desktop, creating and joining domains, Trusted Boot, or Enterprise Mode Internet Explorer on top of that, and is more expensive than the Home edition of the operating system.
There are core differences between Retail and Organizational editions.
Organizational editions support the “Security” Telemetry level which Home and Pro editions do not support. They also support the recently announced Window Analytics setting.
The following features are supported by Windows 10 Enterprise but not by Windows 10 Pro:
- Windows Defender Credential Guard
- Windows Defender Application Guard
- Windows Defender Application Control
- Windows Defender Advanced Threat Protection
- Windows Analytics Device Health
- Cloud Activations
- Hybrid Azure Active Directory Join
- Manage user experiences
- Microsoft Application Virtualization (App-V)
- Microsoft User Environment Virtualization (UE-V)
There are differences between Home and Pro editions of Windows 10 as well.
The default Telemetry level is Full on all editions of Windows 10 though.
Features that Windows 10 Pro supports that Windows 10 Home does not support:
- Creating Bitlocker encrypted drives.
- Access to the Group Policy and editor.
- Enterprise State Roaming with Azure Active Directory
- Windows Store for Business
- Assigned Access
- Dynamic Provisioning
- Windows Update for Business
- Shared PC Configuration
- Domain Join
- Azure Active Directory Domain Join
- Enterprise Mode Internet Explorer
- Remote Desktop
- Client Hyper-V
One of the core differences from a user’s point of view is the handling of updates. Windows 10 Pro systems support the deferring of updates whereas that is not supported on Home editions.
Organizational editions of Windows 10 give you the best control over privacy related features.
If you run Windows 10 already, you can find out which version you have by tapping on the Windows-key, typing winver, and hitting the Enter-key.
The window that opens lists the version and build of the operating system, and the edition.
Windows 10 Home systems can be upgraded to Windows 10 Pro.